Islamic civilization refers to the civilization that developed during the Islamic Golden Age (8th-13th centuries), which saw a flowering of Islamic culture, science, and technology. During this period, the Islamic empire was home to a thriving intellectual community that made significant contributions to various fields, including mathematics, astronomy, chemistry, and medicine.
Islam also played a significant role in shaping the social and political structures of the empire, with Islamic law and the caliphate system serving as the foundations of the Islamic state. The Islamic civilization was also characterized by its pluralistic and inclusive nature, which saw people of different races and religions coexisting and thriving together.
The Islamic civilization reached its zenith during the reign of the Abbasid Caliphate (750-1258), which saw the development of a highly sophisticated and urbanized society. However, by the 13th century, the Islamic empire began to decline, and it was eventually replaced by the Ottoman Empire in the 16th century. Despite this, the legacy of the Islamic civilization continues to influence the world today, and its contributions to various fields continue to be studied and celebrated.
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